Provides access to phyloinformatic data in 'NeXML' format. The package should add new functionality to R such as the possibility to manipulate 'NeXML' objects in more various and refined way and compatibility with 'ape' objects.
An extensive and rapidly growing collection of richly annotated phylogenetics data is now available in the NeXML format. NeXML relies on state-of-the-art data exchange technology to provide a format that can be both validated and extended, providing a data quality assurance and adaptability to the future that is lacking in other formats. See Vos et al 2012 for further details on the NeXML format.
RNeXML has been published in the following article:
Although the published version of the article is paywalled, the source of the manuscript, and a much better rendered PDF, are included in this package (in the
manuscripts folder). You can also find it freely available on arXiv.
The latest stable release of RNeXML is on CRAN, and can be installed with the usual
install.packages("RNeXML") command. Some of the more specialized functionality described in the Vignettes (such as RDF manipulation) requires additional packages which can be installed using:
install.packages("RNeXML", deps=TRUE, repos=c("", ""))
which will also install the development version of the RNeXML package. For most common tasks such as shown here, those additional packages are not required. The development version of RNeXML is also available on Github. With the
devtools package installed on your system, RNeXML can be installed using:
Read in a
nexml file into the
f <- system.file("examples", "comp_analysis.xml", package="RNeXML")nexml <- nexml_read(f)tr <- get_trees(nexml) # or: as(nexml, "phylo")plot(tr)
ape::phylo tree into the
A key feature of NeXML is the ability to formally validate the construction of the data file against the standard (the lack of such a feature in nexus files had lead to inconsistencies across different software platforms, and some files that cannot be read at all). While it is difficult to make an invalid NeXML file from
RNeXML, it never hurts to validate just to be sure:
nexml_validate("test.xml")#>  TRUE
Extract metadata from the NeXML file:
birds <- nexml_read("test.xml")get_taxa(birds)#> otu label about xsi.type otus#> 1 ou70 Struthioniformes #ou70 NA os4#> 2 ou71 Tinamiformes #ou71 NA os4#> 3 ou72 Craciformes #ou72 NA os4#> 4 ou73 Galliformes #ou73 NA os4#> 5 ou74 Anseriformes #ou74 NA os4#> 6 ou75 Turniciformes #ou75 NA os4#> 7 ou76 Piciformes #ou76 NA os4#> 8 ou77 Galbuliformes #ou77 NA os4#> 9 ou78 Bucerotiformes #ou78 NA os4#> 10 ou79 Upupiformes #ou79 NA os4#> 11 ou80 Trogoniformes #ou80 NA os4#> 12 ou81 Coraciiformes #ou81 NA os4#> 13 ou82 Coliiformes #ou82 NA os4#> 14 ou83 Cuculiformes #ou83 NA os4#> 15 ou84 Psittaciformes #ou84 NA os4#> 16 ou85 Apodiformes #ou85 NA os4#> 17 ou86 Trochiliformes #ou86 NA os4#> 18 ou87 Musophagiformes #ou87 NA os4#> 19 ou88 Strigiformes #ou88 NA os4#> 20 ou89 Columbiformes #ou89 NA os4#> 21 ou90 Gruiformes #ou90 NA os4#> 22 ou91 Ciconiiformes #ou91 NA os4#> 23 ou92 Passeriformes #ou92 NA os4get_metadata(birds)#> LiteralMeta property datatype content#> 1 m15 dc:creator xsd:string#> 2 <NA> <NA> <NA> <NA>#> 3 m17 dcterms:bibliographicCitation xsd:string <NA>#> xsi.type ResourceMeta rel#> 1 LiteralMeta <NA> <NA>#> 2 ResourceMeta m16 cc:license#> 3 LiteralMeta <NA> <NA>#> href#> 1 <NA>#> 2#> 3 <NA>
Add basic additional metadata:
nexml_write(bird.orders, file="meta_example.xml",title = "My test title",description = "A description of my test",creator = "Carl Boettiger <[email protected]>",publisher = "unpublished data",pubdate = "2012-04-01")#>  "meta_example.xml"
RNeXML adds certain metadata, including the NCBI taxon id numbers for all named taxa. This acts a check on the spelling and definitions of the taxa as well as providing a link to additional metadata about each taxonomic unit described in the dataset.
We can also add arbitrary metadata to a NeXML tree by define
modified <- meta(property = "prism:modificationDate",content = "2013-10-04")
Advanced use requires specifying the namespace used. Metadata follows the RDFa conventions. Here we indicate the modification date using the prism vocabulary. This namespace is included by default, as it is used for some of the basic metadata shown in the previous example. We can see from this list:
RNeXML:::nexml_namespaces#> nex#> ""#> xsi#> ""#> xml#> ""#> cdao#> ""#> xsd#> "#"#> dc#> ""#> dcterms#> ""#> ter#> ""#> prism#> ""#> cc#> "#"#> ncbi#> "#"#> tc#> "#"
This next block defines a resource (link), described by the
rel attribute as a homepage, a term in the
foaf vocabulalry. Becuase
foaf is not a default namespace, we will have to provide its URL in the full definition below.
website <- meta(href = "",rel = "foaf:homepage")
Here we create a history node using the
skos namespace. We can also add id values to any metadata element to make the element easier to reference externally:
history <- meta(property = "skos:historyNote",content = "Mapped from the bird.orders data in the ape package using RNeXML",id = "meta123")
For this kind of richer annotation, it is best to build up our NeXML object sequentially. Frist we will add
bird.orders phylogeny to a new phylogenetic object, and then we will add the metadata elements created above to this object. Finally, we will write the object out as an XML file:
birds <- add_trees(bird.orders)birds <- add_meta(meta = list(history, modified, website),namespaces = c(skos = "#",foaf = ""),nexml=birds)nexml_write(birds,file = "example.xml")#>  "example.xml"
Add taxonomic identifier metadata to the OTU elements:
nex <- add_trees(bird.orders)nex <- taxize_nexml(nex)
NeXML also provides a standard exchange format for handling character data. The R platform is particularly popular in the context of phylogenetic comparative methods, which consider both a given phylogeny and a set of traits. NeXML provides an ideal tool for handling this metadata.
We can load the library, parse the NeXML file and extract both the characters and the phylogeny.
library(RNeXML)nexml <- read.nexml(system.file("examples", "comp_analysis.xml", package="RNeXML"))traits <- get_characters(nexml)tree <- get_trees(nexml)
get_characters would return both discrete and continuous characters together in the same data.frame, but we use
get_characters_list to get separate data.frames for the continuous
characters block and the discrete
We can then fire up
geiger and fit, say, a Brownian motion model the continuous data and a Markov transition matrix to the discrete states:
library(geiger)fitContinuous(tree, traits, ncores=1)#> GEIGER-fitted comparative model of continuous data#> fitted 'BM' model parameters:#> sigsq = 1.166011#> z0 = 0.255591#>#> model summary:#> log-likelihood = -20.501183#> AIC = 45.002367#> AICc = 46.716652#> free parameters = 2#>#> Convergence diagnostics:#> optimization iterations = 100#> failed iterations = 0#> frequency of best fit = 1.00#>#> object summary:#> 'lik' -- likelihood function#> 'bnd' -- bounds for likelihood search#> 'res' -- optimization iteration summary#> 'opt' -- maximum likelihood parameter estimatesfitDiscrete(tree, traits, ncores=1)#> GEIGER-fitted comparative model of discrete data#> fitted Q matrix:#> 0 1#> 0 -0.07308302 0.07308302#> 1 0.07308302 -0.07308302#>#> model summary:#> log-likelihood = -4.574133#> AIC = 11.148266#> AICc = 11.648266#> free parameters = 1#>#> Convergence diagnostics:#> optimization iterations = 100#> failed iterations = 0#> frequency of best fit = 1.00#>#> object summary:#> 'lik' -- likelihood function#> 'bnd' -- bounds for likelihood search#> 'res' -- optimization iteration summary#> 'opt' -- maximum likelihood parameter estimates
For more fine-grained list of changes or to report a bug, consult
Releases will be numbered with the following semantic versioning format:
And constructed with the following guidelines:
For more information on SemVer, please visit http://semver.org/.
get_taxa()now return much richer
data.framesinstead of named vectors. This is potentially a non-backwards compatible change if scripts use the output of these functions as lists (#129). See updated metadata vignette. This introduces new dependencies
nexml_read()method for URLs, (#123)
nexfor nexml elements (#51, #124, #126). Includes a fix server-side on the NeXML validator as well.
nexml_validate()points to the new validator. (#126)
install.packages()compatible repository for
rrdf, as per request from the CRAN team.
add URL and BugReports to Description. #103
for consistency with other
add_ methods, the
nexml object is now the last, not the first,
add_basic_meta. As this changes the function API, it could break code that does not
explicitly name the arguments, so we release this as 2.0.0
Less aggressive unit-tests
Documentation and less agressive unit tests