Encodes gender based on names and dates of birth using historical datasets. By using these datasets instead of lists of male and female names, this package is able to more accurately guess the gender of a name, and it is able to report the probability that a name was male or female.
Data sets, historical or otherwise, often contain a list of first names but seldom identify those names by gender. Most techniques for finding gender programmatically rely on lists of male and female names. However, the gender associated with names can vary over time. Any data set that covers the normal span of a human life will require a historical method to find gender from names. This R package uses historical datasets from the U.S. Social Security Administration, the U.S. Census Bureau (via IPUMS USA), and the North Atlantic Population Project to provide predictions of gender for first names for particular countries and time periods.
You can install this package from CRAN:
install.packages("genderdata", type = "source",repos = "")
If you prefer, you can install the development versions of both packages from the rOpenSci package repository:
install.packages(c("gender", "genderdata"),repos = "",type = "source")
gender() function takes a character vector of names and a year or range of years and uses various datasets to predict the gender of names. Here we predict the gender of the names Madison and Hillary in 1930 and again in the 2000s using Social Security data.
library(gender)gender(c("Madison", "Hillary"), years = 1930, method = "ssa")#>#> name proportion_male proportion_female gender year_min year_max#> (chr) (dbl) (dbl) (chr) (dbl) (dbl)#> 1 Hillary 1 0 male 1930 1930#> 2 Madison 1 0 male 1930 1930gender(c("Madison", "Hillary"), years = c(2000, 2010), method = "ssa")#> Source: local data frame [2 x 6]#>#> name proportion_male proportion_female gender year_min year_max#> (chr) (dbl) (dbl) (chr) (dbl) (dbl)#> 1 Hillary 0.0055 0.9945 female 2000 2010#> 2 Madison 0.0046 0.9954 female 2000 2010
See the package vignette or read it online at CRAN for a fuller introduction and suggestions on how to use the
gender() function efficiently with large datasets.
vignette(topic = "predicting-gender", package = "gender")
To read the documentation for the datasets, install the genderdata package then examine the included datasets.
library(genderdata)data(package = "genderdata")
If you use this package, I would appreciate a citation. You can see up to date citation information with
citation("gender"). You can cite either the package or the accompanying journal article.
Cameron Blevins and Lincoln Mullen, "Jane, John ... Leslie? A Historical Method for Algorithmic Gender Prediction," Digital Humanities Quarterly (forthcoming 2015).
genderdatapackage as binary
install.packages()from the rOpenSci package repository instead of using
gender()to data frames
ipums method that predicts gender before 1930 using U.S. Census
data from IPUMS (contributed by Benjamin Schmidt).
upgraded dependency on
dplyr to 0.2.
gender implements gender lookup for names and data frames
implemented finding gender by using the Kantrowitz names corpus
implemented finding gender by using the national Social Security Administration data for names and dates of birth