A scripting and command-line front-end is provided by 'r' (aka 'littler') as a lightweight binary wrapper around the GNU R language and environment for statistical computing and graphics. While R can be used in batch mode, the r binary adds full support for both 'shebang'-style scripting (i.e. using a hash-mark-exclamation-path expression as the first line in scripts) as well as command-line use in standard Unix pipelines. In other words, r provides the R language without the environment.
A scripting and command-line front-end for GNU R permitting use of R in command-line contexts.
#!/usr/bin/env r ## for use in scriptsother input | r ## for use in pipesr somefile.R ## for running filesr -e 'expr' ## for evaluating expressionsr --help ## to show a quick synopsis
Plenty. See the examples vignette for a full set of introductory examples. Also see the examples/ directory for a full 28 example scripts, as well as maybe the older tests directory both of which are installed with the package.
Some scripts I uses daily or near daily (in alphabetical order):
build.r ## builds from the current directory c4c.r ## submits current directory to winbuilder compAttr.r ## run compileAttributes() for a Rcpp package dratInstert.r 1.2-3.tar.gz -r /srv ## inserts package into drat repo install.r abc def ## installs packages abc and def install.r abc_1.2-3.tar.gz ## installs given tarball install2.r -l /tmp/lib abc def ## installs abc and def into /tmp/lib rcc.r abc_1.2-3.tar.gz ## run's R CMD check via Gabor's rcmdcheck render.r foo.Rmd ## calls rmarkdown::render() roxy.r ## run roxyenize() for a package (only Rd creation) update.r ## updates any currently installed packages
The package resides on the CRAN network and can be installed via
In general, simply running the script
bootstrap will configure and build the
make install (possibly as
sudo make install) will
install the resulting binary.
On Linux systems, ensure you have the
autotools-dev package (or its
equivalent on non-Debian/Ubuntu systems). On OS X, you may need to run
brew install automake autoconf to get all the tools.
On some operating systems such as OS X,
r is not different from
this risk confusing the main binary
R for the R system with our smaller
r, we suggest to consider running
configure --program-prefix="l" which this leads to installation of a binary
As littler uses autoconf its
AC_PATH_PROG() macro to find
R, one can
simply adjust the
PATH when calling
configure (or, rather,
to have another version of R used. For example, on a server with R-devel in
this location, the following builds littler using this R-devel version:
For more information about littler, please see
(but note that the latter now overlaps with the example vignette).
Jeff Horner (2006 to 2008) and Dirk Eddelbuettel (since 2006)
GPL (>= 2)