Another Approach to Package Installation

The goal of 'pak' is to make package installation faster and more reliable. In particular, it performs all HTTP operations in parallel, so metadata resolution and package downloads are fast. Metadata and package files are cached on the local disk as well. 'pak' has a dependency solver, so it finds version conflicts before performing the installation. This version of 'pak' supports CRAN, 'Bioconductor' and 'GitHub' packages as well.


lifecycle Linux BuildStatus Windows Buildstatus CRAN RStudio mirrordownloads CoverageStatus

pak installs R packages from CRAN, Bioconductor, GitHub, and local files and directories. It is an alternative to install.packages() and devtools::install_github(). pak is fast, safe and convenient.


Install the package from CRAN:


(After installation, you might also want to run pak::pak_setup(); it’ll be run automatically when needed but you might want to do it now to save some time later.)


Call pkg_install() to install CRAN or Bioconductor packages:


To install GitHub packages, use the user/repo syntax:


All dependencies will be installed as well, to the same library.

Why pak?


  • Fast downloads and HTTP queries. pak performs all HTTP requests concurrently.

  • Fast installs. pak builds and installs packages concurrently.

  • Metadata and package cache. pak caches package metadata and all downloaded packages locally. It does not download the same package files over and over again.

  • Lazy installation. pak only installs the packages that are really necessary for the installation. If the requested package and its dependencies are already installed, pak does nothing.


  • Private library (pak’s own package dependencies do not affect your regular package libraries and vice versa).

  • Every pak operation runs in a sub-process, and the packages are loaded from the private library. pak avoids loading packages from your regular package libraries. (These package files would be locked on some systems, and locked packages cannot be updated. pak does not load any package in the main process, except for pak itself).

  • To avoid updating locked packages, pak warns and requests confirmation for loaded packages.

  • Dependency solver. pak makes sure that you end up in a consistent, working state of dependencies. If finds conflicts up front, before attempting installation.


  • BioC packages. pak supports Bioconductor packages out of the box. It uses the Bioconductor version that is appropriate for your R version.

  • GitHub packages. pak supports GitHub packages out of the box. It also supports the Remotes entry in DESCRIPTION files, so that GitHub dependencies of GitHub packages will also get installed. See e.g.

  • Package sizes. For CRAN packages pak shows the total sizes of packages it needs to download.


  • Support GitLab repositories
  • Support Bitbucket repositories
  • Support package URLs
  • Support system requirements
  • Support older CRAN package versions
  • Support older BioConductor package versions
  • Support GitHub pull requests
  • Support local CRAN mirrors
  • Support the Additional_repositories DESCRIPTION field
  • Support SVN repos


GPL-3 © RStudio


pak 0.1.2

First version on CRAN.

Reference manual

It appears you don't have a PDF plugin for this browser. You can click here to download the reference manual.

install.packages("pak") by Gábor Csárdi, a year ago

Report a bug at

Browse source code at

Authors: Jim Hester [aut] , Gábor Csárdi [aut, cre] , RStudio [cph]

Documentation:   PDF Manual  

GPL-3 license

Imports assertthat, base64enc, callr, cli, cliapp, crayon, curl, desc, filelock, glue, jsonlite, lpSolve, pkgbuild, pkgcache, prettyunits, processx, ps, R6, rematch2, rprojroot, tibble, utils

Suggests covr, mockery, pingr, testthat, withr

Suggested by rlang, xfun.

See at CRAN