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Tools for Reading and Handling Spatial Objects
Set of tools for manipulating and reading geographic data, in particular 'ESRI Shapefiles'; C code used from 'shapelib'. It includes binary access to 'GSHHG' shoreline files. The package also provides interface wrappers for exchanging spatial objects with packages such as 'PBSmapping', 'spatstat', 'maps', 'RArcInfo', 'Stata tmap', 'WinBUGS', 'Mondrian', and others.
Bindings for the 'Geospatial' Data Abstraction Library
Provides bindings to the 'Geospatial' Data Abstraction Library ('GDAL') (>= 1.6.3) and access to projection/transformation operations from the 'PROJ.4' library. The 'GDAL' and 'PROJ.4' libraries are external to the package, and, when installing the package from source, must be correctly installed first. Both 'GDAL' raster and 'OGR' vector map data can be imported into R, and 'GDAL' raster data and 'OGR' vector data exported. Use is made of classes defined in the 'sp' package. Windows and Mac Intel OS X binaries (including 'GDAL', 'PROJ.4' and 'Expat') are provided on 'CRAN'.
Interface to Geometry Engine - Open Source ('GEOS')
Interface to Geometry Engine - Open Source ('GEOS') using the C 'API' for topology operations on geometries. The 'GEOS' library is external to the package, and, when installing the package from source, must be correctly installed first. Windows and Mac Intel OS X binaries are provided on 'CRAN'.
Spatial Dependence: Weighting Schemes, Statistics and Models
A collection of functions to create spatial weights matrix objects from polygon 'contiguities', from point patterns by distance and tessellations, for summarizing these objects, and for permitting their use in spatial data analysis, including regional aggregation by minimum spanning tree; a collection of tests for spatial 'autocorrelation', including global 'Morans I', 'APLE', 'Gearys C', 'Hubert/Mantel' general cross product statistic, Empirical Bayes estimates and 'Assunção/Reis' Index, 'Getis/Ord' G and multicoloured join count statistics, local 'Moran's I' and 'Getis/Ord' G, 'saddlepoint' approximations and exact tests for global and local 'Moran's I'; and functions for estimating spatial simultaneous 'autoregressive' ('SAR') lag and error models, impact measures for lag models, weighted and 'unweighted' 'SAR' and 'CAR' spatial regression models, semi-parametric and Moran 'eigenvector' spatial filtering, 'GM SAR' error models, and generalized spatial two stage least squares models.
Spatial and Space-Time Point Pattern Analysis
The Splancs package was written as an enhancement to S-Plus for display and analysis of spatial point pattern data; it has been ported to R and is in "maintenance mode".
Choose Univariate Class Intervals
Selected commonly used methods for choosing univariate class intervals for mapping or other graphics purposes.
Classes and Methods for Spatial Data
Classes and methods for spatial data; the classes document where the spatial location information resides, for 2D or 3D data. Utility functions are provided, e.g. for plotting data as maps, spatial selection, as well as methods for retrieving coordinates, for subsetting, print, summary, etc.
Bitmap Images (``Pixel Maps'')
Functions for import, export, plotting and other manipulations of bitmapped images.
Interface Between GRASS 6+ Geographical Information System and R
Interpreted interface between GRASS 6+ geographical information system and R, based on starting R from within the GRASS environment, or running free-standing R in a temporary GRASS location; the package provides facilities for using all GRASS commands from the R command line. This package may not be used for GRASS 7, for which rgrass7 should be used.
Converts latitude/longitude into projected coordinates.